It’s Monday at 5:10am, I was on my way to the gym for my jolt of morning wake up.


As I drive over, I see what looks to be an accident. I naturally slow down to pass it safely. As I get closer my spidy sense is tingling and for good reason.


A car had struck a pedestrian.


My EMR Training kicked in. Immediately, I pull the car over, make sure it is safe for me to exit my vehicle and make my way over. I don’t have any equipment with me and I’m in gym shorts and a T-shirt...


The driver of the vehicle is there apologizing to the struck pedestrian, a bystander is waving traffic away and time slows down a little.


The pedestrian is conscious and responsive, she is complaining of shoulder pain. She is trying to get up. The driver is standing over her and constantly asking her is she is ok and apologizing for not seeing her.


Could she have sat up? Likely, but upon seeing vomit on the ground next to her I asked her to stay down and stay still. A bystander who had tried several times to call 911 without getting through had gotten through finally just before I arrived and Paramedics were on their way. The bystander was mad at himself for mis-dialing the first few times.


EMS and the fire department arrived and took over, clearly the quick actions of all bystanders and the driver aided in getting the pedestrian the care she needed in a timely manor, but it was clear that all of us were in various states of “shock”.


Shock can be life threatening, therefore, we must treat everyone for shock.


A person who is ill or injured may go into shock. Shock happens when the vital organs do not get enough oxygen-rich blood. Shock is a life-threatening condition.


Be on the lookout for shock when providing care for any injury or sudden illness, or when someone has been involved in a serious incident (even if he or she is not badly injured). Shock is often caused by significant fluid loss, for example, diarrhea and vomiting. This is especially true in children, who can become dehydrated more easily.


Other causes of shock include the following:

• Significant blood loss

• Heart damage

• Extensive burns

• Infection

• Anaphylaxis

• Severe infection (e.g., septicemia)


What to Look For


The following are signs and symptoms of shock:

• Anxiety

• Cool, clammy skin

• Skin that is paler than normal

• Weakness

• Confusion

• Excessive thirst

• Rapid breathing

• Drowsiness or loss of responsiveness

• Nausea and vomiting


What to Do


The best thing you can do when a person is in shock is to call EMS/9-1-1. While you are waiting for EMS personnel to arrive, provide care (W.A.R.T.S.) by:


W: Keep the person warm

A: Monitor the persons ABC’s

R: Have the person rest and reassure them

T: Provide care for the cause of the shock

S: If needed place the person semi-prone (Recovery position)



  • 45% heart attacks occur in people younger than 65 years of age.

  • CPR maintains the flow of oxygenated blood to the brain and heart.

  • 80 percent of cardiac arrests happen at work or at home.

  • If CPR is started within the first couple minutes of cardiac arrest it can increase the chances of survival by 2x or 3x.

  • If no CPR is started, the victims chance of survival will decrease by 7% for each minute of delay.


Most individuals or bystanders are apprehensive about medical emergencies and similar situations. They either suffer from bystander effect, they are fearful of handling a victim or lack the knowledge of giving CPR and responding effectively. The most important thing to do is to get the oxygenated blood circulated, which happens when the bystander or rescuer gives chest compressions.


WHY SHOULD YOU LEARN CPR SKILLS?

Cardiac arrests are not uncommon. They can occur at any time and any place. Even an individual who might appear to be healthy can suffer from a cardiac arrest or a similar condition. Cardiac arrest and heart attack are not the same. Therefore, CPR is helpful for you and for those around you.


To learn at least the basics of CPR and the technique of performing the same on victims, irrespective of gender or age, schedule your corporate or private group training by contacting us as contact@pulsepointcanada.com



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